3D printing has come a long way over the years and we are now able to print livable 3D houses.
The evolution of 3D houses:
2016: the first livable 3D house
This house was printed in the United States with a cement mille-feuille structure and is 2.4 x 1.5 x 2.1 m.
2016: the fully recyclable 3D house
The specificity of this house is that it is entirely made of black bioplastic. The size has increased since the first house as this one is 8m2.
2017: housing for the most disadvantaged
About 50 houses have been printed in Mexico to house people with less than $3 a day to live. These houses are 46m2 and were printed in only 24 hours.
2018: the first 3D house in Europe
All the walls of this house are slightly curved (which would have been more complex without 3D printing). The surface of the house increases again and passes to 50m2.
2018: a 3D house for the environment
These houses have solar panels and can draw water from the humidity in the air. They are therefore entirely self-sufficient in terms of energy and can be up to 75m2.
Future: a 3D house on Mars
The conquest of space is a great subject for scientists. So they worked on a project to create houses on Mars that could withstand extreme conditions. This house would be 3D printed on site with local materials.
- Low production cost
- Speed of production
- Respect for the environment
- High customization potential
- Useful as temporary housing in disaster areas
3D houses are therefore a very relevant innovation that opens the field of possibilities of 3D printing even more.